“It has been clear for Nokia since the early days of the invasion of Ukraine that continuing our presence in Russia would not be possible,” wrote the company in a statement.
Over the last few weeks, Nokia suspended deliveries to Russia, stopped new business, and began moving its R&D activities out of the country. Today’s announcement confirms Nokia is fully exiting Russia.
Much like Ericsson, Nokia says its priority during this process will be the welfare of its employees.
Many governments have increased their sanctions in recent days after the discovery of further horrific war crimes – including rape, torture, and executing bound and blindfolded civilians – carried out by Russian forces in areas like Bucha and Irpin. Unconfirmed reports this week of chemical weapons use may lead to additional international pressure.
However, many Western governments have expressed concern about the potential negative impact of telecommunication networks in Russia failing.
Most ordinary Russians rely on state-controlled media that push falsehoods like Ukraine being run by Nazis (despite its president being Jewish), posing a nuclear threat (despite voluntarily giving up its nuclear weapons in 1994, in exchange for world powers – including Russia – promising not to violate its security), and use manipulated figures to cover up the extent of Russia’s losses and exaggerate its gains.
Telecom networks at least provide some citizens with the know-how to access outside information. As such, many governments are offering telecom firms licenses to continue providing support without breaking sanctions.
“For humanitarian reasons, Western governments have expressed concerns about the risk of critical telecommunication network infrastructure in Russia failing. They have also emphasised the importance of ensuring the continued flow of information and access to the internet which provides outside perspectives to the Russian people,” wrote Nokia in a statement.
“Therefore, as we exit we will aim to provide the necessary support to maintain the networks and are applying for the relevant licenses to enable this support in compliance with current sanctions.”
Russia accounted for less than two percent of Nokia’s sales in 2021 and, due to strong demand in other regions, the company does not expect its decision will have a financial impact that will lead to it missing its 2022 targets.
However, Nokia expects the decision will lead to a provision in Q1 of approximately $108 million. This is comparable to the $95 million provision estimated by Ericsson following its decision to suspend operations in Russia.
Huawei and ZTE both feature on the US’ Entity List which effectively bans American companies from doing any business with the firms. So far, Huawei and ZTE have not announced any suspension of their business with Russia.
Following their inclusion on the Entity List, Huawei and ZTE have been relying on stockpiles of American semiconductors for their equipment. However, they’ll eventually need to fall back on less-advanced chips. Analysts believe China is at least 2-3 years away from being able to produce comparable semiconductors.
Russia is yet to begin widely rolling out 5G networks but, when it does, it will likely be stuck with older technology. It’s just another way the Soviet-era thinking and actions of the Kremlin are holding Russia back.
(Image Credit: Nokia)
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